Distribution of human papillomavirus genotypes in anal cytological and histological specimens from hiv-infected men who have sex with men and men who have sex with women

Laila Darwich, Sebastian Videla, Mari Paz Cañadas, Marta Piñol, Francesc García-Cuyàs, Sandra Vela, Rafael A. Molina-López, Josep Coll, Guillem Sirera, Bonaventura Clotet

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Anal cancer is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Moreover, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is an additional risk factor for anal cancer. Therefore, when designing preventive protocols for HIV-infected men, it is important to detect high-risk (HR) oncogenic HPV genotypes present in their anal canals. However, most studies have focused only on men who have sex with men (MSM). Objective: To estimate the prevalence of HPV and describe its genotype distribution using anal cytology and histology specimens from HIV-infected populations of MSM and men who have sex with women (MSW). DESIGN: Crosssectional study of the CARH MEN cohort. SETTING: Single-center prospective cohort of HIVinfected men attending the Outpatient HIV Clinic of Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol (Spain), where they undergo annual screening for HPV infection of the anus, penis and mouth. Patients: Four hundred eighty-three HIV-infected men (341 MSM, 142 MSW) with no current or previous history of anal condylomata. Main Outcome Measures: HPV genotypes detected (multiplex-PCR), cytology results (Papanicolaou test) and histology results (biopsy-based). Results: Cytological abnormalities were detected in 40% of MSM (129/321; 95%CI, 35-46) and 20% of MSW (26/131; 95%CI, 13-28) (OR=2.7; 95%CI, 1.7-4.4). All high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) were positive for HR-HPV in both groups. High-resolution anoscopy was performed in 146 patients (120 MSM, 26 MSW) with abnormal cytological diagnoses. Lesions were visualized in 80 MSM (67%) and 14 MSW (54%) (OR=1.7 [95%CI, 0.7- 4.0]). Histological diagnosis was anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN)-1 in 51 MSM (64%) and 6 MSW (43%), AIN-2 in 9 MSM (11%) and 3 MSW (21%), AIN-3 in 7 MSM (9%) and 1 MSW (7%), and normal in 13 MSM (16%) and 4 MSW (29%). HPV16 was the most prevalent HR genotype. Limitations: Study limitations include its crosssectional design. Conclusions: Anal cancer screening should be offered to all HIV-infected men, regardless of their sexual orientation. © 2013 The ASCRS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1043-1052
JournalDiseases of the Colon and Rectum
Volume56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2013

Keywords

  • Anal lesions
  • HIV men
  • HPV genotypes

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