Distinct phenotypes of spontaneous activity and induction of amphetamine sensitization in inbred Roman high- and low-avoidance rats: Vulnerability and protection

Lydia Giménez-Llort, Marc Guitart-Masip, Adolf Tobeña, Albert Fernández-Teruel, Björn Johansson

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. The psychogenetically selected Roman high- (RHA) and low-avoidance (RLA) rats are being proposed as a valuable animal model of individual vulnerability to the two distinct neurobiological mechanisms of behavioral sensitization to psychostimulants, namely induction and expression. Most hallmarks of their divergent phenotypes are also found in the inbred RHA (RHA-I) and RLA (RLA-I) strains. For instance, they differ in the expression of sensitization to amphetamine. However, the pattern of spontaneous activity of the inbred rats seems to differ from that of outbred Roman strains. The present work shows the relevance of analyzing spontaneous activity as a covariant in order to determine the significance of day effect in the induction of behavioral sensitization to amphetamine (regime: 11 days, 1 mg/kg, i.p.) in the inbred strains and, for comparison, the standard low activity Sprague-Dawley (SD) strain. Our results also confirm that, in parallel to the outbred strains, only inbred RHA rats showed sensitization during the induction phase, here detectable from day 9 of treatment, while RLA-I and SD strains did not. Inbred RLA rats provide an interesting model to study individual resistance to sensitization, with nuances due to their underlying high spontaneous activity phenotype.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-98
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume673
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Amphetamine sensitization
  • Animal model
  • Habituation
  • Inbred roman rats
  • Induction
  • Locomotor activity
  • Spontaneous activity
  • Vulnerability

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