The antibody-mediated reactivation of engineered Escherichia coli β-galactosidases [Benito et al. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 21251-21256] has been thoughtfully investigated in three recombinant molecular sensors. Proteins M278VP1, JX772A and JX795A display the highly antigenic G-H loop peptide segment of foot-and-mouth disease virus VP1 protein, accommodated in different solvent-exposed loops of the assembled tetramer. These chimaeric enzymes exhibit a significant increase in enzymatic activity upon binding of either monoclonal antibodies or sera directed against the inserted viral peptide. In JX772A but not in M278VP1, the Fab 3E5 antibody fragment promotes reactivation to the same extent as the complete antibody. On the other hand, M278VP1 K(m) is reduced by more than 50% in the presence of activating serum, this parameter remains invariable in JX772A and it is only slightly modified in JX795A. In these last two proteins, significant k(cat) variations can account for the increased enzymatic activity. Alternative reactivation mechanisms in the different β-galactosidase probes are discussed in the context of the bacterial enzyme structure and its tolerance to antibody-induced conformational modifications. Copyright (C) 1998 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
|Publication status||Published - 6 Nov 1998|
- Enzymatic activity
- Molecular sensor
- Recombinant protein