Dissimilar catalytic behavior of molecular or colloidal palladium systems with a new NHC ligand

Fernando Gómez-Villarraga, Jonathan De Tovar, Miguel Guerrero, Pau Nolis, Teodor Parella, Pierre Lecante, Nuria Romero, Lluís Escriche, Roger Bofill, Josep Ros, Xavier Sala, Karine Philippot, Jordi García-Antón*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


© 2017 The Royal Society of Chemistry. In this work, we describe the synthesis of a new N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligand, derived from a hybrid pyrazole-imidazolium scaffold, namely 1-[2-(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)ethyl]-3-((S)-1-phenylethyl)-3H-imidazol-2-ylidene (L). This ligand has been used as a stabilizer for the organometallic synthesis of palladium(0) nanoparticles (Pd NPs). L presents a better stabilizing effect than its pre-carbenic HLCl counterpart, allowing the formation of isolated Pd NPs while HLCl yields aggregated ones. Additionally, molecular Pd(ii) coordination compounds of L and HLCl were synthesized and characterized to better understand the coordination modes of these ligands. Both molecular and colloidal Pd systems have been further tested in catalytic C-C coupling processes. Three different types of reactions have been observed depending on the catalytic system: (i) the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction takes place with Pd molecular complexes; (ii) a secondary reaction, the dehalogenation of the substrate, is always detected and (iii) the C-C homocoupling between two molecules of bromoarenes is observed with colloidal catalysts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11768-11778
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number35
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


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