A 33-year-old Spanish man presented with fever, expectoration, weight loss and lung cavitary lesions. HIV-positive serology, the lack of clinical improvement under anti-tuberculosis treatment, and the teamwork carried by clinicians, microbiologists and pathologists led to the diagnosis of Penicillium marneffei infection. This case supports the importance of the correct evaluation of the epidemiological history of the patients. © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. Todos los derechos reservados.
- AIDS related opportunistic infections
- Lung disease