Disentangling Highly Asymmetric Magnetoelectric Effects in Engineered Multiferroic Heterostructures

Enric Menéndez, Veronica Sireus, Alberto Quintana, Ignasi Fina, Blai Casals, Rafael Cichelero, Mikko Kataja, Massimiliano Stengel, Gervasi Herranz, Gustau Catalán, Maria Dolors Baró, Santiago Suriñach, Jordi Sort

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2019 American Physical Society. One of the main strategies to control magnetism by voltage is the use of magnetostrictive-piezoelectric hybrid materials, such as ferromagnetic-ferroelectric heterostructures. When such heterostructures are subjected to an electric field, piezostrain-mediated effects, electronic charging, and voltage-driven oxygen migration (magnetoionics) may simultaneously occur, making the interpretation of the magnetoelectric effects not straightforward and often leading to misconceptions. Typically, the strain-mediated magnetoelectric response is symmetric with respect to the sign of the applied voltage because the induced strain (and variations in the magnetization) depends on the square of the ferroelectric polarization. Conversely, asymmetric responses can be obtained from electronic charging and voltage-driven oxygen migration. By engineering a ferromagnetic-ferroelectric hybrid consisting of a magnetically soft 50-nm thick Fe75Al25 (at. %) thin film on top of a (110)-oriented Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-32PbTiO3 ferroelectric crystal, a highly asymmetric magnetoelectric response is obtained and the aforementioned magnetoelectric effects can be disentangled. Specifically, the large thickness of the Fe75Al25 layer allows dismissing any possible charge accumulation effect, whereas no evidence of magnetoionics is observed experimentally, as expected from the high resistance to oxidation of Fe75Al25, leaving strain as the only mechanism to modulate the asymmetric magnetoelectric response. The origin of this asymmetric strain-induced magnetoelectric effect arises from the asymmetry of the polarization reversal in the particular crystallographic orientation of the ferroelectric substrate. These results are important to optimize the performance of artificial multiferroic heterostructures.
Original languageEnglish
Article number014041
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jul 2019

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