Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the death of dopaminergic neurons. The common histopathological hallmark in PD patients is the formation of intracellular proteinaceous accumulations. The main constituent of these inclusions is alpha-synuclein (α-syn), an intrinsically disordered protein that in pathological conditions creates amyloid aggregates that lead to neurotoxicity and neurodegeneration. The main goal of our study was to optimize our previously identified α-syn aggregation inhibitors of 5-(4-pyridinyl)-1,2,4-triazole chemotype in terms of in vivo efficacy. Our efforts resulted in the identification of ethyl 2-((4-amino-5-(pyridin-4-yl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)thio)acetate (15), which displayed the ability to prevent 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropiridine-induced bradykinesia as well as to affect the levels of PD markers after the administration of the same neurotoxin. In addition to the in vivo evaluation, for the 5-(4-pyridinyl)-1,2,4-triazole-based compounds, we measured the prevention of the fibrillization process using light scattering and a ThT binding assay; these compounds have been shown to slightly reduce the α-syn aggregation.
- alpha synuclein
- Parkinson's disease