Discovery of a novel Torque teno sus virus species: Genetic characterization, epidemiological assessment and disease association

Vivian Cornelissen-Keijsers, Alexandra Jiménez-Melsió, Denny Sonnemans, Martí Cortey, Joaquim Segalés, Erwin van den Born, Tuija Kekarainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study describes a novel Torque teno sus virus (TTSuV) species, provisionally named Torque teno sus virus k2b (TTSuVk2b), originally found in commercial pig sera by applying the rollingcircle amplification technique. Full-length sequences of TTSuVk2b were obtained, annotated and used in the phylogenetic analyses, which revealed that TTSuVk2b is a novel Anellovirus species within the genus Kappatorquevirus of the family Anelloviridae. Quantitative PCR techniques were developed to determine total TTSuV DNA quantities as well as the prevalence and viral DNA quantities of TTSuV1, TTSuVk2a and TTSuVk2b. The mean total TTSuV load in seven commercial sera was determined at 6.3 log10 DNA copies ml-1 of serum, with TTSuVk2b loads being the lowest at 4.5 log10 DNA copies ml-1 of serum. Subsequently, prevalence and loads of TTSuVs were determined in pig sera from 17 countries. TTSuVk2b prevalence ranged from 0 to 100% with viral loads from 3.3 to 4.6 log10 copies ml-1 of sera. TTSuVk2a, so far the only species in the genus Kappatorquevirus, has been linked to an economically important swine disease, namely post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). Considering the grouping of TTSuVk2b in the same genus as TTSuVk2a, TTSuVk2b prevalence and viral DNA load were determined in PMWS-affected animals and healthy counterparts. This revealed that TTSuVk2a and TTSuVk2b are not only genetically related, but also that their viral loads in serum are elevated in PMWS animals compared with those of healthy pen mates. In summary, the present work describes a novel TTSuV species including its genetic characterization, epidemiological assessment and potential disease association. © 2012 Printed in Great Britain.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2682-2691
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume93
Issue numberPART 12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012

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