Discovery and annotation of novel microRNAs in the porcine genome by using a semi-supervised transductive learning approach

Emilio Mármol-Sánchez*, Susanna Cirera, Raquel Quintanilla, Albert Pla, Marcel Amills

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the broad variety of available microRNA (miRNA) prediction tools, their application to the discovery and annotation of novel miRNA genes in domestic species is still limited. In this study we designed a comprehensive pipeline (eMIRNA) for miRNA identification in the yet poorly annotated porcine genome and demonstrated the usefulness of implementing a motif search positional refinement strategy for the accurate determination of precursor miRNA boundaries. The small RNA fraction from gluteus medius skeletal muscle of 48 Duroc gilts was sequenced and used for the prediction of novel miRNA loci. Additionally, we selected the human miRNA annotation for a homology-based search of porcine miRNAs with orthologous genes in the human genome. A total of 20 novel expressed miRNAs were identified in the porcine muscle transcriptome and 27 additional novel porcine miRNAs were also detected by homology-based search using the human miRNA annotation. The existence of three selected novel miRNAs (ssc-miR-483, ssc-miR484 and ssc-miR-200a) was further confirmed by reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR analyses in the muscle and liver tissues of Göttingen minipigs. In summary, the eMIRNA pipeline presented in the current work allowed us to expand the catalogue of porcine miRNAs and showed better performance than other commonly used miRNA prediction approaches. More importantly, the flexibility of our pipeline makes possible its application in other yet poorly annotated non-model species.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2107-2118
Number of pages12
JournalGenomics
Volume112
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • MicroRNA discovery
  • Motif search
  • Porcine skeletal muscle
  • Semi-supervised learning
  • Small RNA-Seq

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