The proinflammatory cytokine TNF-α is known to have a direct action on skeletal muscle in mammals. However, little is known regarding the potential effects of cytokines on nonimmune tissues, particularly in skeletal muscle, in fish. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of recombinant trout TNF-α (rtTNF-α) on skeletal muscle carbohydrate metabolism in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). We used a primary cell culture of muscle cells from rainbow trout to show that rtTNF-α stimulates glucose uptake in myoblasts and myotubes at concentrations that do not affect the viability of the cells, requiring de novo protein synthesis as shown by the impairment of rtTNF-α-stimulated glucose uptake by cycloheximide. With the use of specific inhibitors, we show that rtTNF-α-stimulated glucose uptake is mediated by the p38MAPK, NF-κB, and JNK pathways. Additionally, we provide evidence that the stimulatory effects of rtTNF-α on glucose uptake in trout skeletal muscle cells may be caused, at least in part, by an increase in the amount of GLUT4 at the plasma membrane. Incubation of trout muscle cells with conditioned medium from LPS-stimulated trout macrophages, enriched in TNF-α, increased glucose uptake. Our results indicate that recombinant, as well as native trout TNF-α, directly stimulates glucose uptake in trout muscle cells and provide evidence, for the first time in nonmammalian vertebrates, for a potential regulatory role of TNF-α in skeletal muscle metabolism. © 2011 the American Physiological Society.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2011|
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