Digital versus analog PET/CT in patients with known or suspected liver metastases

Francisco Fuentes-Ocampo*, Diego Alfonso López-Mora, Albert Flotats, Valle Camacho, Marina Sizova, Safae Abouzian, Joan Duch, Alejando Fernández, Montserrat Estorch, Ignasi Carrió

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim To assess if digital PET/CT improves liver lesion detectability compared to analog PET/CT in patients with known or suspected liver metastases. Materials and methods We prospectively included 83 cancer patients, with one or more of these conditions: history of liver metastases, clinical risk of having liver metastases or presence of suspected liver metastases on the first of the two PET/CTs. All patients were consecutively scanned on each PET/CT on the same day after a single [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose dose injection. The order of acquisition was randomly assigned. Three nuclear medicine physicians assessed both PET/CTs by counting the foci of high uptake suspicious of liver metastases. Findings were correlated with appropriate reference standards; 19 patients were excluded from the analysis due to insufficient lesion nature confirmation. The final sample consisted of 64 patients (34 women, mean age 68 ± 12 years). Results As per-patient analysis, the mean number of liver lesions detected by the digital PET/CT (3.84 ± 4.25) was significantly higher than that detected by the analog PET/CT (2.91 ± 3.31); P < 0.001. Fifty-five patients had a positive PET/CT study for liver lesions. In 26/55 patients (47%), the digital PET/CT detected more lesions; 7/26 patients (27%) had detectable lesions only by the digital system and had <10 mm of diameter. Twenty-nine patients had the same number of liver lesions detected by both systems. In nine patients both PET/CT systems were negative for liver lesions. Conclusion Digital PET/CT offers improved detectability of liver lesions over the analog PET/CT in patients with known or suspected liver metastases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-428
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Medicine Communications
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted in press - 2021

Keywords

  • analog PET/CT
  • digital PET/CT
  • liver lesion detectability
  • [F]FDG

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