Digestive Symptoms in Healthy People and Subjects with Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Validation of Symptom Frequency Questionnaire

Fernando Azpiroz, Denis Guyonnet, Yves Donazzolo, David Gendre, Jérôme Tanguy, Francisco Guarner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Goals: The aim of this study was to validate the ability of symptom frequency questionnaire to differentiate between irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients and healthy subjects. Background: A digestive symptom frequency questionnaire (DSFQ) was previously used in a food efficacy trial in a non-IBS population with mild gastrointestinal symptoms. Study: We compared 2 well-defined populations: 100 IBS patients fulfilling Rome III criteria (mean age 32 y; range, 18 to 59 y), and 100 sex-matched and age-matched healthy subjects. Frequency of individual digestive symptoms (abdominal pain/discomfort, bloating, flatulence, borborygmi) was assessed using a 5-point Likert scale (from none to everyday of the week) and the IBS severity with the IBS-SSS questionnaire. Health-Related Quality of life (HRQoL) was assessed with the Food and Benefits Assessment (FBA) and Functional Digestive Disorders Quality of Life (FDDQL) questionnaires. The digestive (dis)comfort dimension of these questionnaires was considered as the main dimension for HRQoL. Results: The DSFQ discriminated IBS from healthy subjects with a significant difference (P<0.001) between groups (estimated mean difference=5.58; 95% CI, 4.91-6.28). On the basis of the ROC curve (AUC=0.9479), a cutoff value of 5 gives a sensitivity of 92% and a specificity of 84%, with a positive likelihood ratio of 5.75. Composite score of symptoms correlated strongly (P<0.0001) with digestive discomfort measured by FDDQL (-0.816), digestive comfort measured by FBA (-0.789), and the IBS-SSS score (0.762). Conclusions: Measurement of digestive symptom frequency by means of the DSFQ can differentiate IBS from healthy subjects, and shows a good correlation with other validated questionnaires (clinical trial #NCT01457378).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e64-e70
JournalJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Volume49
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • digestive symptoms
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • patient-reported outcome
  • quality of life

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Digestive Symptoms in Healthy People and Subjects with Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Validation of Symptom Frequency Questionnaire'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this