Differential effect of transforming growth factor β on proteoglycan synthesis in human embryonic lung fibroblasts

Manuel Romarís, Ascensión Heredia, Anna Molist, Anna Bassols

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Abstract

The effect of transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) on the biosynthesis of individual proteoglycans (PGs) by human embryonic lung fibroblasts has been investigated using specific antibodies and cDNA probes. Human lung fibroblasts secrete the two small chondrotin/dermatan sulfate PGs, PG-I or biglycan (300 kDA) and, in a larger proportion, PG-II or decorin (130 kDa). Metabolic labeling experiments reveal that TGF-β induces selectivity the expression of PG-I, whereas the level of PG-II remains unaltered. The effect of TGF-β on PG-I and PG-II has been studied by immunoprecipitation and Northern blot analysis. Either at the core protein or mRNA level, a specific 5-fold increase in PG-I can be observed. TGF-β acts probably at the transcriptional level, as actinomycin D blocks completely the TGF-β induced proteoglycan synthesis. A low saturation density and a slower growth rate is also observed for TGF-β treated cells. The possible role of PG-I and PG-II as mediators of the growth inhibition caused by TGF-β is discussed. © 1991.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-233
JournalBBA - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1093
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 1991

Keywords

  • (Human embryonic lung fibroblast)
  • Proteoglycan synthesis
  • Transforming growth factor

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