Analogues of 1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methyl-rac-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (ET-18-OMe), containing a carbonyl group at different positions in the alkyl chain and/or a pentylammonium group in sn-3 of glycerol, were evaluated as inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC; EC 22.214.171.124). The presence of a carbonyl group in the alkyl chain of Et-18-OMe had a dual role in decreasing the inhibitory effect on histone phosphorylation and activating this reaction at low concentrations of compound. The optimal stimulatory effect was observed with the compound having the carbonyl function in C-7 of the alkyl chain. In contrast, all of these compounds were only inhibitors of PKC autophosphorylation, its potency decreasing progressively with the distance between the carbonyl group and the sn-1 position of glycerol. Replacement of the phosphocholine group of ET-18-OMe by a pentamethylene trimethylammonium group maintained the inhibitory effect on histone phosphorylation and autophosphorylation of PKC, and the simultaneous introduction of a ketone group in C-7 of the alkyl chain did not decrease any of these effects. The effects of all these analogues on PKC autophosphorylation, but not on histone phosphorylation, correlated quite well with their known antiproliferative activity on human tumor cell lines and membranolytic activity.
|Publication status||Published - 24 Dec 1996|
- alkyl lysophospholipids
- histone phosphorylation
- protein kinase C