Differences between craving and health-related quality of life in patients with alcohol dependence with or without dual pathology in outpatient treatment: A descriptive study

María Robles-Martínez, Miguel Ángel García-Carretero, Juan Gibert, Raúl Felipe Palma-Álvarez, Alfonso Carlos Abad, Marta Sorribes, Carlos Roncero

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2017 Elsevier España, S.L.U. Background and objective Dual diagnosis is the coexistence of an addictive disorder and another mental disorder. The objective is to estimate cravings and self-reported quality of life in a sample of patients with alcoholic dependence, with or without dual pathology, who attend an outpatient treatment centre. Patients and method A cross-sectional study of 112 patients (56 dual and 56 non-dual), diagnosed with alcohol dependence according to DSM-IV-TR. The presence of cravings is determined by the Multidimensional Alcohol Craving Scale and quality of life through the SF-36 Health Questionnaire. Results There are no statistically significant differences in cravings in either subgroup; the latter tend to refer to lower alcohol cravings than non-dual patients. The dual patients have a worse quality of life in all categories evaluated, highlighting a worse quality of life in the categories: social function, emotional role, vitality and general health. Females present a lower quality of life emphasising those of social function and emotional role. No differences were detected in relation to cravings between the 2 groups. Conclusions In order to perform a correct clinical and therapeutic approach for patients with alcohol dependence, we should consider focusing on the evaluation of cravings and quality of life. In order to perform a correct clinical and therapeutic approach for patients with alcohol dependence, it is necessary to consider cravings and quality of life, since these parameters are important for the evaluation of patients with alcohol dependence.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)49-55
    JournalMedicina Clinica
    Volume150
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2018

    Keywords

    • Alcohol
    • Cravings
    • Health-related quality of life
    • Multidimensional Alcohol Craving Scale
    • Short Form-36

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