The developmental competence of oocytes from prepubertal and adult goats was studied through in vitro maturation, fertilization and embryo culture up to the blastocyst stage. Oocytes were recovered from antral follicles of prepubertal and adult goat ovaries, with or without ovarian stimulation with exogenous FSH. The effect of different sources of granulosa cells during IVM on the developmental competence of prepubertal goat oocytes was also noted. Oocytes were matured for 27 h at 38.5°C in 5% CO2 in air in 50-μl microdrops in TCM199 supplemented with 20% estrus goat serum, FSH, LH and estradiol- 17β or in 2 ml of the same medium supplemented with granulosa cells. Matured oocytes were inseminated with freshly ejaculated spermatozoa following capacitation At 24 h postinsemination, the oocytes were transferred to a granulosa cell monolayer, and early embryo development was evaluated until Day 10. Results show that the developmental ability of embryos from prepubertal goats after IVM and IVF is similar to those from adult goats. Treatment of the prepubertal and adult goats with FSH did not improve the developmental capacity of the resulting embryos. On studying the addition of different sources of granulosa cells to a maturation system of 2 ml of medium, a significantly positive effect of the cells from primed females was observed on the percentage of maturation, on embryo cleavage and on the percentage of embryos that overcame the in vitro developmental block from 8 to 16 cells.
- Embryo development
- Prepubertal goat