Development of urban solar infrastructure to support low-carbon mobility

Joan Manuel F. Mendoza, Esther Sanyé-Mengual, Sara Angrill, Raúl García-Lozano, Gumersindo Feijoo, Alejandro Josa, Xavier Gabarrell, Joan Rieradevall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. The provision of an adequate network of urban infrastructures is essential to create clean and energy-efficient urban mobility systems. However, the urban infrastructure to support sustainable mobility can produce a substantial environmental burden if no life cycle environmental criteria are applied in its design and management. This paper demonstrates the potential to support energy-efficient and CO<inf>2</inf>-free pedestrian and electric bike (e-bike) mobility through the ecological design (eco-design) of urban elements. An eco-design approach is applied to reconceptualize a conventional pergola toward an eco-product (solar pergola). The solar pergola generates surplus photovoltaic electricity that provides a multifunctional character. According to the end-use of this energy, different scenarios are analyzed for robust decision-making. The deployment of solar pergolas can contribute to save from 2,080kg to over 47,185kg of CO<inf>2</inf> eq. and from 350,390MJ to over 692,760MJ eq. in 10 years, depending on the geographic emplacement (solar radiation and electricity grid system). These savings are equivalent to charging 2-9 e-bikes per day using clean energy. Instead of maximizing infrastructure deployment to shift to environmentally friendly modes of mobility, the implementation of multifunctional urban elements represents a key area of action in the context of smart city development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-114
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Eco-design
  • Electric mobility
  • Green electricity
  • Multifunction
  • Pedestrian mobility
  • Smart cities

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