Development of electrochemical immunosensing systems with renewable surfaces

Marta Santandreu, Sílvia Solé, Esteve Fàbregas, Salvador Alegret

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The repeated use of immunochemically modified solid phases in electrochemical immunosensor analysis is the driving interest of this work. Two new strategies have been developed. One of these strategies is aimed at the development of a manual methodology. It comprises the construction of amperometric immunosensors based on rigid biocomposites. These biocomposites are formed by a conducting polymer composite matrix that acts as a reservoir of an immobilized immunologic material. The surface of the biocomposite can be renewed by a simple polishing procedure. The second strategy involves the design of an automatic methodology. It features an immunochemical analytical system using flow injection techniques. The potentiometric detection uses a solid phase formed by immunologic reagents immobilized in magnetic particles. These particles are fixed to the sensor with the use of a magnetic field. The renewal of the reactive surface is achieved by the release and activation of the restraining magnetic field and the manipulation of the flow. The analytical properties of these immunosensors were evaluated measuring RIgG using a competitive technique and measuring GaRIgG with a sandwich methodology. The labelling enzymes of the immunoconjugates were peroxidase in amperometric measurements and urease in potentiometric measurements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-17
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1998

Keywords

  • Flow injection immunoanalysis
  • Immunocomposite
  • Immunosensor
  • Magnetoimmunosensor,
  • Renewable immunosensor

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