Classical swine fever is a highly contagious viral disease that causes significant economic losses in pig production on a global scale. The rapid dissemination of the virus and the variability of the clinical signs merit the development of swift and accurate classical swine fever virus (CSFV) detection methods, which can assist in disease control. The development and evaluation of a novel quantitative real-time RT-PCR assay for CSFV detection, based on SYBR Green coupled to melting curve analysis, is described. The analytical and diagnostic performances of the method using two real-time PCR instruments were compared. The assay was specific and detected the major genotypes of CSFV. The limit of detection in cell culture medium and serum was 0.1 TCID50/reaction, while in tissue homogenate for both platforms, it was 1 TCID50/reaction. The limit of detection was 1, 10 and 102 gene copies/μL when nuclease-free water, serum and tissue homogenate, respectively, were used as sample matrices for both instruments. The analysis of 108 tissue homogenate and serum samples from animals infected with CSFV naturally and experimentally and non-infected animals showed that the assay provided a highly sensitive and specific method for classical swine fever. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
- Classical swine fever virus
- Real-time PCR instrument
- SYBR green real-time RT-PCR
Pérez, L. J., Díaz de Arce, H., Tarradas, J., Rosell, R., Perera, C. L., Muñoz, M., Frías, M. T., Nuñez, J. I., & Ganges, L. (2011). Development and validation of a novel SYBR Green real-time RT-PCR assay for the detection of classical swine fever virus evaluated on different real-time PCR platforms. Journal of Virological Methods, 174(1-2), 53-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2011.03.022