The present paper describes a quick and simple enzymic method for evaluating histamine content in fish. After preparing a perchloric acid extract, it was neutralized to pH 6.8 with KOH. The action of a diamine oxidase on the histamine caused the formation of hydrogen peroxide. The addition of a second enzyme, a peroxidase, in the presence of hydrogen peroxide and a chromogen (leuco crystal violet) in reduced form (colourless) facilitated its oxidation into crystal violet (coloured). Following a two-hour incubation period, absorbance was measured at 596 nm. The correlation between histamine level and absorbance was acceptable in the concentration range from 3 to 30 mg/kg of histamine (r= 0.9946; p < 0.001). The accuracy of the method, expressed by CV, varied between 2.6% and 4.9%, and the recovery between 95.7% and 100.1%, depending on the concentration of analyte in the sample. The diamine oxidase used was very selective in relation to the histamine. Only the presence of tyramine, when histamine concentration was low (< 10 mg/kg), tended to interfere to a slight degree in the technique. Using a regression analysis, no statistically significant differences were found between the results obtained from the analysis of 18 tuna fish samples by HPLC and the enzymic method (r = 0.9867; p < 0.001). © 1993 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC, All Rights Reserved.
- Enzymic method