Determination at low ppm levels of dithiocarbamate residues in foodstuff by vapour phase-liquid phase microextraction-infrared spectroscopy

Ana Gonzálvez, Salvador Garrigues, Sergio Armenta, Miguel de la Guardia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A methodology based on the vapour phase (VP) generation of carbon disulphide from non-volatile dithiocarbamate compounds has been developed for determination of pesticide residues in foodstuff at low ppm levels. The method involves a selective reaction combined with liquid phase microextraction (LPME) and transmission infrared measurements. The use of a home made transmission cell improved the detection limits (LOD) compared to the use of attenuated total reflectance measurements by a factor of approximately 80. Using the most appropriate experimental conditions for the CS2 generation and LPME preconcentration, the precision of the methodology, expressed as the relative standard deviation (RSD), was of the order of 3.1% and the absolute LOD was 0.3μg dithiocarbamate, which corresponds to 60-120μgkg-1, for a sample mass ranging from 2.5 to 5g. The usefulness of the methodology has been evidenced by the determination of mancozeb residues in strawberries, lettuce and corn samples at concentrations between 1 and 5mgkg-1, where the VP-LPME IR provided results comparable with those obtained by a head space gas chromatography mass spectrometry reference procedure. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-196
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume688
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2011

Keywords

  • Dithiocarbamates
  • Infrared spectroscopy
  • Liquid phase microextraction
  • Preconcentration
  • Vapour phase generation

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