Detection of Salmonella Typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes biofilm cells exposed to different drying and pre-enrichment times using conventional and rapid methods

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Abstract

The capacity of real-time PCR (RT-PCR), the VIDAS immunoassay system, and the conventional count method for detecting Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes biofilm cells was evaluated in this study. After biofilm formation, tests were performed under different drying times (0, 6, 12, 24, and 72 h) and pre-enrichment times (0, 6, 18, and 25 h). The direct epifluorescence microscopic results demonstrated that Salmonella Typhimurium and L. monocytogenes biofilm cells can remain viable for 72 h under drying conditions. Pre-enrichment time and type of medium played an essential role in the detection of both microorganisms after drying. Furthermore, RT-PCR was more sensitive than VIDAS and the conventional method for detecting Salmonella Typhimurium and L. monocytogenes cells at different drying times and without pre-enrichment (0 h), with a detection range between 102 and 107 CFU/mL. TSBYE-T80 used as a pre-enrichment medium was effective for detecting both bacteria and was more effective than Demi Fraser-T80 medium for detecting L. monocytogenes. Therefore, pre-enrichment is recommended to avoid false positives and false negatives due to the presence of dead cells or a very low initial concentration of cells after drying.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number108611
JournalInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
Volume324
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Biofilms
  • Dry conditions
  • Microscopy
  • Pre-enrichment
  • Real-time PCR
  • Viable cells

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