Detection of porcine circovirus type 1 in commercial pig vaccines using polymerase chain reaction

Josefina Quintana, Joaquim Segalés, Maria Calsamiglia, Mariano Domingo

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The absence of extraneous viruses is a requirement in the quality control of vaccines for veterinary use in the European Pharmacopoeia. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the detection of porcine circovirus type 1 (PCV1) and type 2 (PCV2) was evaluated in 18 commercial porcine vaccines. Since vaccine components may contain PCR enhancers or inhibitors, 13 of the studied vaccines (used as diluents) were subsequently spiked with different dilutions of PCV2 and tested by PCR. Although PCV2 DNA was not detected in any of the vaccines tested, PCV1 was detected in 2/18 vaccines (11%). Eleven out of 13 PCV2 spiked vaccines showed a positive PCR result. The lack of amplification observed in two spiked vaccines suggested that use of the PCR assay to detect PCV2 could depend on vaccine composition. The results of this exploratory study have demonstrated that PCR is a rapid and fairly sensitive method for the detection of porcine circoviruses as extraneous agents in vaccine products and can be used in the quality control of pig vaccines. The study has also indicated the need for optimising the sensitivity of PCR methods for PCV genome detection in vaccine products. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)570-573
JournalVeterinary Journal
Volume171
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2006

Keywords

  • Contamination
  • PCR
  • Porcine circovirus type 1 and 2
  • Vaccine

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