The aim of this study was to detect Leishmania infantum DNA by real-time PCR in urine from different groups of dogs with clinical leishmaniosis. Urine from 10 clinically healthy dogs and 43 dogs with clinical leishmaniosis diagnosed by positive serology and/or bone marrow PCR were studied. The group of 43 dogs with clinical leishmaniosis was divided into three subgroups: 13 dogs with renal insufficiency and proteinuria (urine protein-creatinine ratio greater than one), 13 dogs with only proteinuria, and 17 dogs with neither renal insufficiency nor proteinuria. The detection of Leishmania DNA was performed by light cycler real-time PCR using hybridization probes in each urine sample. Leishmania positive PCR was found in 47% (20/43) of the urine from leishmaniotic dogs, while all urine from clinically healthy dogs were negative. The percentages of positive Leishmania PCR were 85% (11/13) in dogs with renal insufficiency and proteinuria, 23% (3/13) in dogs with proteinuria and 35% (6/17) in dogs with neither renal insufficiency nor proteinuria. Dogs with renal insufficiency and proteinuria presented a statistical significant greater percentage of positive Leishmania PCR in urine when compared with the other subgroups (P < 0.02). This study demonstrates the presence of Leishmania DNA in urine of dogs with leishmaniosis. Those dogs with severe renal damage present a greater number of Leishmania parasites in urine. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Journal||Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports|
|Publication status||Published - 20 Jul 2007|
- Leishmania infantum