Detection and analysis of cobalt in continuous flow using an analytical microsystem based on LTCC technology

Olga Natalia Bustos López, Hesner Coto Fuentes, Francisco Valdés Perezgasga, Héctor Aurelio Moreno Casillas, Julián Alonso Chamarro

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7 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. The progress made in recent years in the area of micro total analysis system (μ-TAS) has allowed the development of analytical tools for determination and measurement of elements and compounds that previously required bench laboratory equipment for such purposes. μ-TAS provides a high degree of sensitivity and they are simple and affordable. This work details a process by which classical colorimetric methodologies used in analysis have been adapted from discontinuous to continuous flow systems, for determination of cobalt in aqueous solutions in real time. The purpose of this adaptation is the subsequent system miniaturization using low temperature co-fired ceramics (LTCC). The adapted methodology for the colorimetric determination of cobalt uses 3-Hydroxy-4-nitroso-2,7-naphtalene disulfonic acid disodium salt or nitroso-R salt (NRS) as the main reagent, in an environment of acetate and sodium citrate which favors the reaction. The carrier solution is prepared with sulfuric acid. The system encompasses a microfluidic structure in LTCC, a peristaltic pump to maintain the continuous flow, a six-way valve for sample injection, and an issuer of light of 540 nm based on a multiled. Using the integrated circuit TCS3414, the signal is sent to the computer wirelessly through zigbee protocol, and at the end a LabVIEW-based application shows the absorbance for a range of concentrations between 0.5 and 10 mg/L.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-16
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016


  • Cobalt
  • Continuous flow
  • LabVIEW
  • LTCC
  • Nitrous-R-salt


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