Design, synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of 5-hydroxytryptamine<inf>1a</inf> receptor ligands to explore the three-dimensional structure of the receptor

María L. López-Rodríguez, Bruno Vicente, Xavier Deupi, Sergio Barrondo, Mireia Olivella, M. José Morcillo, Bellinda Behamú, Juan A. Ballesteros, Joan Sallés, Leonardo Pardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, we evaluate the structural differences of trans-membrane helix 3 in rhodopsin and the 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A (5-HT1A) receptor caused by their different amino acid sequence. Molecular dynamics simulations of helix 3 in the 5-HT1A receptor tends to bend toward helix 5, in sharp contrast to helix 3 in rhodopsin, which is properly located within the position observed in the crystal structure. The relocation of the central helix 3 in the helical bundle facilitates the experimentally derived interactions between the neurotransmitters and the Asp residue in helix 3 and the Ser/Thr residues in helix 5. The different amino acid sequence that forms helix 3 in rhodopsin (basically the conserved Gly3.36Glu3.37 motif in the opsin family) and the 5-HT1A receptor (the conserved Cys3.36Thr3.37 motif in the neurotransmitter family) produces these structural divergences. These structural differences were experimentally checked by designing and testing ligands that contain comparable functional groups but at different interatomic distance. We have estimated the position of helix 3 relative to the other helices by systematically changing the distance between the functional groups of the ligands (1 and 2) that interact with the residues in the receptor. Thus, ligand 1 optimally interacts with a model of the 5-HT1A receptor that matches rhodopsin template, whereas ligand 2 optimally interacts with a model that possesses the proposed conformation of helix 3. The lack of affinity of 1 (Ki > 10,000 nM) and the high affinity of 2 (Ki = 24 nM) for the 5-HT1A, receptor binding sites, provide experimental support to the proposed structural divergences of helix 3 between the 5-HT1A receptor and rhodopsin.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-21
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Volume62
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002

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