Descriptive study of first visits in a multiple sclerosis specialised unit

J Sastre-Garriga, J Rio, C Nos, I Galan, M Tintore, X Montalban

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The need for optimal care has led to implementation of multiple sclerosis care units, specialised in diagnosis and follow-up of multiple sclerosis patients. Since information on multiple sclerosis prognosis is crucial, accurate diagnosis is one of their major roles.METHOD: Prospective analysis of first visits during a year (origin and diagnosis) at the Unidad de Neuroinmunologia Clinica of Hospital Vall d'Hebron.RESULTS: A total of 437 first visits were analysed; a moderate agreement (kappa = 0.468) between referral diagnoses and diagnosis at follow-up was obtained; agreement was very good (kappa = 0.844) between diagnosis at first visit and diagnosis at follow-up. In the subgroup of 200 patients with a demyelinating disease on follow-up after one year, 37.6% of referrals came from other non-specialised centers and 40.6% from our own center.CONCLUSION: Specialised care units enhance diagnostic precision; direct influence zone and nonspecialised centers referrals are their more important sources of patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-182
Number of pages4
JournalNeurologia
Volume17
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2002

Keywords

  • multiple sclerosis
  • specialised care units
  • diagnostic agreement
  • need for care

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