© 2014, Taylor & Francis. A new species of zoarcid fish, Pachycara matallanasi, is described. During the Danish Galathea 3 expedition, on 28 December 2006, six specimens of Pachycara Zugmayer, 1911 were collected from depths of 4350–4450 m. The new species is the second member of the genus in the western South Pacific Ocean. Pachycara matallanasi sp. nov. can be distinguished from its congeners by a combination of the following characters: body without scales; pelvic fin absent; lateral line mediolateral; dorsal fin origin associated with vertebrae 5–6 with 0–1 free predorsal pterygiophores; total vertebrae 103–108; smooth ceratohyal–epihyal articulation; post-temporal with well-developed ventral ramus; coracoid with a posterior strut and a small foramen.
- Solomon Sea