Depletion of serum alternative complement pathway activity in gilthead seabream caused by α-tocopherol and n-3 HUFA dietary deficiencies

D. Montero, L. Tort, M. S. Izquierdo, L. Robaina, J. M. Vergara

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    122 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Studies on the alternative complement pathway (ACP) activity in fish have suggested the particular relevance of this pathway as a non-specific immune mechanism being its activation directly related with the availability of certain nutrients. In the present study ACP activity in gilthead seabream fed different dietary levels of α-tocopherol and n-3 HUFA deficiencies was studied under different stress conditions (overcrowding and repetitive chasing). A reduction in ACP activity was found when diets with deficiencies in α-tocopherol and n-3 HUFA were assayed at any of the experimental conditions assayed. Levels of plasma cortisol were similar to those of fish after crowding stress subjected to dietary deficiencies at low stocking density, suggesting that dietary deficiencies produced a chronic elevation of cortisol. When fish were subjected to repetitive chasing, plasma cortisol from fish fed control diet showed a progressive increase whereas plasma cortisol levels from both dietary deficient groups showed a transitory peak 4 days after the beginning of the repetitive chasing. However, ACP activity levels of fish fed deficient diets remained lower than the control group and constant during chasing period. These results suggest that both α-tocopherol and n-3 HUFA nutritional deficiencies rather than stress are an important determinant of fish complement activity.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)399-407
    JournalFish Physiology and Biochemistry
    Volume18
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1998

    Keywords

    • Alternative complement
    • Cortisol
    • n-3 HUFA
    • Sparus aurata
    • Stress
    • Vitamin E

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