Dental calculus reveals unique insights into food items, cooking and plant processing in prehistoric central Sudan

Stephen Buckley, Donatella Usai, Tina Jakob, Anita Radini, Karen Hardy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accessing information on plant consumption before the adoption of agriculture is challenging. However, there is growing evidence for use of locally available wild plants from an increasing number of pre-agrarian sites, suggesting broad ecological knowledge. The extraction of chemical compounds and microfossils from dental calculus removed from ancient teeth offers an entirely new perspective on dietary reconstruction, as it provides empirical results on material that is already in the mouth. Here we present a suite of results from the multi-period Central Sudanese site of Al Khiday. We demonstrate the ingestion in both pre-agricultural and agricultural periods of Cyperus rotundus tubers. This plant is a good source of carbohydrates and has many useful medicinal and aromatic qualities, though today it is considered to be the world's most costly weed. Its ability to inhibit Streptococcus mutans may have contributed to the unexpectedly low level of caries found in the agricultural population. Other evidence extracted from the dental calculus includes smoke inhalation, dry (roasting) and wet (heating in water) cooking, a second plant possibly from the Triticaceae tribe and plant fibres suggestive of raw material preparation through chewing. © 2014 Buckley et al.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere100808
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 2014

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Dental calculus reveals unique insights into food items, cooking and plant processing in prehistoric central Sudan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this