Density Functional Study on the Regioselectivity of Nucleophilic Attack in 1,3-Disubstituted (Diphosphino)(η3-allyl)palladium Cations

Vicenç Branchadell, Marcial Moreno-Mañas, Francesca Pajuelo, Roser Pleixats

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56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A density functional study has been performed to analyze the influence of electronic effects on the regioselectivity of the Tsuji-Trost reaction. Optimized geometries of model (diphosphino)(η3-allyl)palladium cations 6 and 7 show that for unsymmetrical allyl ligands the shortest Pd-C(terminal) bond is the one closest to the most electron-withdrawing group. The calculated energy barriers for the attack of an ammonia molecule at each one of the terminal allyl carbon atoms of 7b-d predict that nucleophilic attack would take place preferentially on the carbon atom remote from the most electron-withdrawing group, in excellent agreement with experimental observations on allylic precursors of cations 4.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4934-4941
JournalOrganometallics
Volume18
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 1999

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