Density distribution of electronegative LDL in normolipemic and hyperlipemic subjects

José Luis Sánchez-Quesada, Sonia Benítez, Carles Otal, Miquel Franco, Francisco Blanco-Vaca, Jordi Ordóñez-Llanos

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The density distribution of electronegative LDL [LDL(-)], a cytotoxic and inflammatory fraction of LDL present in plasma, was studied in 10 normolipemic (NL), 6 FH, and 11 hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) subjects. Six LDL subclasses of increased density (LDL1 to LDL6) were isolated by density-gradient ultracentrifugation (DGU). NL and FH subjects showed prevalence of light LDL, whereas HTG subjects showed prevalence of dense LDL. LDL(-) proportion was determined from total LDL or LDL-density subclasses by anion-exchange chromatography. LDL from FH patients had increased LDL(-) (35.1 ± 9.9%) compared with LDL from NL and HTG subjects (9.4 ± 2.3% and 12.3 ± 4.3%, respectively). Most LDL(-) was contained in dense subclasses in NL (LDL4-6, 67.7 ± 3.1%) whereas most of LDL(-) from FH patients were contained in light LDL subclasses (LDL1-3) (86.2 ± 1.6%). In these subjects, simvastatin therapy decreased LDL(-) to 28.2 ± 6.7% and 21.2 ± 5.6% at 3 and 6 months of treatment, respectively, due mainly to decreases in light LDL subclasses. In HTG subjects, half LDL(-) was contained in dense LDL subclasses (LDL4-6, 46.1 ± 2.0%). Non-denaturing acrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis concurred with DGU data, as LDL(-) from NL showed a single band of lower size than non-electronegative LDL [LDL(+)], whereas LDL(-) from FH and HTG presented bands of greater size than its respective LDL(+). These results reveal the existence of light and dense LDL(-), indicate that hyperlipemia could promote the formation of light LDL(-) and suggest that LDL(-) could have different origins.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)699-705
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 18 May 2002


  • Hyperlipemia
  • LDL density subclasses
  • Modified LDL

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