This study characterizes the demographic and genealogical structure of a limited-size population in danger of extinction: the Catalonian donkey breed. The purpose of this paper is to establish the most suitable breeding criteria and guidelines to achieve the 'Programme of Conservation and Maintenance of Animal Genetic Resources' in this population. The two main objectives proposed are: 1) to maintain the maximum genetic diversity, with 2) the minimum possible consanguinity increase per generation. A population size of 109 animals of both sexes, 44 males and 65 females, was analysed. The pedigree information was used to calculate the following items: generation length (L), variances of family size (σ(k)2), effective population size (N(e)), inbreeding coefficient (F) and probability of gene origin. The results obtained and breeding criteria to be followed are discussed. The correct mating policy between a stallion and a jenny would be that which would maximize the so-called genetic conservation index and minimize the inbreeding coefficient of the hypothetical offspring of the couple.
|Journal||Genetics Selection Evolution|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1998|
- Demographic structure
- Endangered breed
- Genetic diversity maintenance
- Pedigree analysis