Treatment of pre-activated oocytes with demecolcine (DEM) has been shown to induce the extrusion of all oocyte chromosomes within the second polar body (PB2). However, induced enucleation (IE) rates are generally low and the competence of these cytoplasts to support embryonic development following somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is impaired. Here, we explored whether short treatments with DEM or another antimitotic, nocodazole (NOC), improve IE efficiency, and determined the most appropriate timing for nuclear transfer in the cytoplasts produced. We show, for the first time, that IE can be accomplished in mouse and goat oocytes using NOC and that short treatments with DEM or NOC result in similar IE rates, which proved to be strain- and species-specific. Because enucleation induced by both antimitotic drugs is reversible, the IE protocol was combined with the mechanical aspiration of PB2s to increase permanent enucleation rates in mouse oocytes. None of the cloned mouse embryos produced from the resultant cytoplasts developed to the blastocyst stage. However, when they were reconstructed prior to the activation and antimitotic treatment, their in vitro embryonic development was similar to that of cloned embryos produced from mechanically-enucleated oocytes. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2011|
- Chemical enucleation