Degree of exposure to domestic violence, psychopathology, and functional impairment in children and adolescents

Eduard Bayarri Fernàndez, Lourdes Ezpeleta, Roser Granero, Núria de la Osa, Josep María Domènech

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There are discrepancies about whether children who witness and suffer domestic violence (DV) have similar outcomes in terms of psychopathology. This work examines the relationship between different types of exposure to DV and child psychopathology and functional impairment. One hundred and forty-four Spanish children aged from 4 to 17 years and exposed to DV were evaluated using a diagnostic interview and other instruments of psychopathology and functional impairment. The participants were classified in three groups according to the degree of exposure: witness (n = 72), involved (n = 52), and victim (n = 20). According to mothers' self-reports and mother-child combined information, DV equally affects psychopathology and functional impairment regardless of the degree of the exposure. Children's self-reports showed a linear trend to present greater psychopathology as a victim than as a witness. The differential effect of exposure to DV measured in this study depended on the informant, which underlines the importance of obtaining information from the children exposed to violence at home. © The Author(s) 2011.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1215-1231
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2011

Keywords

  • children and adolescents
  • domestic violence
  • functional impairment
  • maltreatment
  • psychopathology
  • victim
  • witness

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