Since the important work of Newton and Wigner on the position operator and the localized states, several methods have been developed in the literature to deal with the problem of finding a position operator for relativistic systems. One of the most relevant has been the method based on the use of "canonical" transformations such as the Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation. In this paper, we strictly consider the Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation as a procedure which allows one to write the Bargmann-Wigner equations in a form which in the nonrelativistic limit leads to the Galilei-invariant Schrödinger equations for arbitrary spin. As a result of this interpretation, we derive for the position operator and the localized states of elementary systems the same expressions as Newton and Wigner; the spin operator is also obtained. Finally, the Chakrabarti transformation is considered in the same spirit. © 1973 The American Physical Society.
|Journal||Physical Review D|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1973|