Defining and Measuring Transnational Social Structures

José Luis Molina*, Sören Petermann, Andreas Herz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


© 2014, © The Author(s) 2014. Transnational social fields and transnational social spaces are often used interchangeably to describe and analyze emergent structures of cross-border formations. In this article, we suggest measuring two key aspects of these social structures: embeddedness and span of migrants’ personal networks. While clustered graphs allow assessing transnational embeddedness, the standardized diversity index can be used to show variation in the number of countries reported in personal networks. The measures will be exemplified with the data collected in Barcelona from three groups (Chinese, Sikh, and Filipino, N = 25 in each group, 30 alters by ego).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-243
Number of pages21
JournalField Methods
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2015


  • clustered graphs
  • migration
  • personal networks
  • standardized diversity index
  • transnationalism


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