Deep venous thrombosis of the upper limb. A prospective study of the central venous catheter as an etiologic factor and clinical and subclinical incidence of pulmonary thromboembolism

J. Gelonch, A. Alastrué, M. Monreal, C. Iglesias, M. Rull, E. Lafoz, A. Casals, J. A. Salvá

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thrombogenicity presented in different types of endovenous catheters and their anomalies are the cause of the development of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) in some patients, secondary to deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the upper limbs. Presentation of a study made on the incidence of PTE in patients with prior history of DVT of the upper limbs. Of the 30 cases of DVT of the upper limbs studied, 20 were directly attributed to catheters. 18 were attached to a central catheter and the other 2 one or two peripheral catheters. 0,32% of DVT of the upper limbs secondary to a central catheter was calculated. Five of the 20 DVT patients (25%) had symptomatic or sub-clinical DVT. Emphasis was placed on the importance of DVT and its intrinsically serious nature and the need for studies on this condition, since it is possible for the patient not to develop the complete symptoms of DVT at the onset, which led to death in one patient. We recommend the establishing of strict norms with regard to the indications for inserting the central catheter and the choice of the correct material, aseptic and non-traumatic insertion, radiological control (essential) of the position of the catheter and its tip, establishing of a protocol for the correct maintenance and a device for controlling thrombotic complications in upper limbs, to ensure rapid treatment and a rapid check of the possibility of DVT by pulmonary gammagraphy during the first 24-48 hours.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-171
JournalNutrición hospitalaria : organo oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Volume6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991

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