Deep optical observations of the γ-ray pulsar PSR J0007+7303 in the CTA 1 supernova remnant

R. P. Mignani, A. de luca, N. Rea, A. Shearer, S. Collins, D. F. Torres, D. Hadasch, A. Caliandro

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    Abstract

    The Fermi Large Area Telescope discovered the time signature of a radio-silent pulsar coincident with RX J0007.0+7302, a plerion-like X-ray source at the centre of the CTA 1 supernova remnant. The inferred timing parameters of the γ-ray pulsar PSR J0007+7303 (P = 315.8 ms; P~ 3.6 (10-13 s s-1) point to a Vela-like neutron star, with an age comparable to that of CTA 1. The PSR J0007+7303 low distance (~1.4 kpc), interstellar absorption (AV ~ 1.6), and relatively high energy loss rate (E~ 4.5(1035 erg s-1), make it a suitable candidate for an optical follow-up. Here, we present deep optical observations of PSR J0007+7303. The pulsar is not detected in the Gran Telescopio Canarias images down to a limit of r' ~ 27.6 (3σ), the deepest ever obtained for this pulsar, while William Herschel Telescope images yield a limit of V ~ 26.9. Our r'-band limit corresponds to an optical emission efficiency ηopt ≡E ≲9.4 (10-8 This limit is more constraining than those derived for other Vela-like pulsars, but is still above the measured optical efficiency of the Vela pulsar. We compared the optical upper limits with the extrapolation of the XMM-Newton X-ray spectrum and found that the optical emission is compatible with the extrapolation of the X-ray power-law component, at variance with what is observed, e.g. in the Vela pulsar. © 2013 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1354-1358
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Volume430
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2013

    Keywords

    • Pulsars: individual: PSR J0007+7303
    • Stars: neutron

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