We describe the improved Darboux theory of integrability for polynomial ordinary differential equations in three dimensions. Using this theory and computer algebra, we study the existence of first integrals for the three-dimensional Lotka-Volterra systems. Only working up to degree two with the invariant algebraic surfaces and the exponential factors, we find the major part of the known first integrals for such systems, and in addition we find three new classes of integrability. The method used is of general interest and can be applied to any polynomial ordinary differential equations in arbitrary dimension.
|Journal||Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General|
|Publication status||Published - 31 Mar 2000|