© 2016 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands. Daniel Bensaïd was a Marxist philosopher and author of an extensive body of works about political strategy. His writings combine a diversity of singular influences, such as Marx, Lenin, Trotsky and Che Guevara on the one hand, and Benjamin, Péguy and Blanqui on the other. In his work, religious heresies, Marranos, moles and emblematic figures of the resistance to oppression such as Joan of Arc meet with the classic figures of Marxism. The non-linear concept of time and messianic reason support a strategic reading of history and an understanding of political commitment, following Goldmann's interpretation of Pascal's Wager as a wager of uncertain outcome.