The present study examined the immunological response of antigen presenting cells (APC) to genotype-I isolates of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection by analysing the cytokine profile induced and evaluating the changes taking place upon infection on immunologically relevant cell markers (MHCI, MHCII, CD80/86, CD14, CD16, CD163, CD172a, SWC9). Several types of APC were infected with 39 PRRSV isolates. The results show that different isolates were able to induce different patterns of IL-10 and TNF-. The four possible phenotypes based on the ability to induce IL-10 and/or TNF- were observed, although different cell types seemed to have different capabilities. In addition, isolates inducing different cytokine-release profiles on APC could induce different expression of cell markers. © 2011 Gimeno et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
|Publication status||Published - 29 Aug 2011|
Gimeno, M., Darwich, L., Diaz, I., De La Torre, E., Pujols, J., Martín, M., Inumaru, S., Cano, E., Domingo, M., Montoya, M., & Mateu, E. (2011). Cytokine profiles and phenotype regulation of antigen presenting cells by genotype-I porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus isolates. Veterinary Research, 42, . https://doi.org/10.1186/1297-9716-42-9