Cytogenetic studies were performed in 74 untreated patients with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) between 1985 and 1988. Among 56 patients who were examined successfully at the time of diagnosis, 36 had abnormal karyotypes (64.2%). The distribution of chromosome abnormalities was uneven, according to the categories of the French-American-British (FAB) nomenclature. The highest frequency of chromosome abnormalities was observed in ANLL M4 with bone marrow (BM) eosinophilia (M4Eo). Numerical changes were observed in 11 cases; chromosome 8 was most frequently gained (11 patients), whereas chromosome 7 was most frequently lost (4 patients). Structural rearrangements were detected in 18 patients. Involvement of 16q22 was noted in 7 patients, 5q- was noted in 5, t(8;21) in 3, t(1;7) in 2, del(20) in 2, and involvement of 11q23 was noted in 2. The inversion of chromosome 16 was restricted to the M4Eo subtype. This study identified a novel abnormality [inv(2) (p11.2q11.2)] that had not been reported previously by other investigators. © 1992.
|Journal||Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1992|