Cytogenetic effects of radiotherapy breakpoint distribution in induced chromosome aberrations

Leonardo Barrios, Rosa Miró, Maria Rosa Caballín, Carme Fuster, Ferràn Guedea, Antoni Subias, Josep Egozcue

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Abstract

A total of 660 breakpoints were identified in the chromosome aberrations detected in lymphocytes from cancer patients after radiotherapy. The results show that chromosomes 1, 3, and 7 were significantly more affected than other chromosomes by ionizing radiation in vivo. Chromosome arms 1p, 1q, 7q, and 11p were also significantly more affected. Some bands also showed a special sensitivity to radiation, and band 1q32 was the most affected. This band is proposed as a "hot point" for the clastogenic effect of ionizing radiation. A significant clustering of breakpoints in G bands was also found, especially at the telomeres, as previously described by other authors. Clustering of breakpoints was also observed in bands where fragile sites, protooncogenes, breakpoints involved in chromosomal cancer rearrangements, and breakpoints involved in chromosomal evolution of the Hominoidea are located. © 1989.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-70
JournalCancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1989

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    Barrios, L., Miró, R., Caballín, M. R., Fuster, C., Guedea, F., Subias, A., & Egozcue, J. (1989). Cytogenetic effects of radiotherapy breakpoint distribution in induced chromosome aberrations. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics, 41(1), 61-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-4608(89)90108-8