Cyproheptadine analogues: Synthesis, antiserotoninergic activity, and structure‐activity relationships

M. I. Loza, F. Sanz, M. I. Cadavid, M. Honrubia, F. Orallo, J. A. Fontenla, J. M. Calleja, T. Dot, F. Manaut, M. M. Cid, R. Dominguez, J. A. Seijas, M. C. Villaverde

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of cyproheptadine related compounds was synthesized and tested pharmacologically. In comparison with cyproheptadine, these compounds do not have a central ring and some contain groups other than N‐methyl. Synthesis was carried out with low‐valent titanium to generate the exocyclic double bond. The serotoninergic activity of the compounds was determined by standard determination of pA2 (‐log of the motor concentration of antagonist required to maintain a constant response when concentration of agonist is doubled) for the inhibition of serotonin‐induced contractions in rat stomach fundus. Two of the nitrogen‐containing compounds were active, but their activities were lower than that of Cyproheptadine. Structure‐activity relationships were studied by Mulliken net charges, molecular electrostatic potentials, and conformational analysis; activities are better correlated with electrostatic potentials than with net charges. The decrease in potency of the open cyproheptadine analogues may be due to “dilution” of the active conformer as the result of their conformational flexibility. Copyright © 1993 Wiley‐Liss, Inc., A Wiley Company
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1090-1093
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume82
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993

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