Cutaneous mycoses are a group of diseases caused by fungi that produce symptoms limited to the skin and adjacent structures. The term includes superficial mycoses, dermatophytoses and candidiasis. Superficial mycoses are caused by fungi that do not penetrate further than the superficial layers of the skin and to not generate an inflammatory response in the host. The most frequent etiological agents of these mycoses are Malassezia spp. Dermatophytoses are caused by dermatophytes, which are primary, filamentous, pathogenic fungi. Because they are highly keratinophilic, they colonize keratinized structures such as the epidermis, hair and nails. Candidiases result from infection by the genus Candida, formed by yeast-like fungi with more than 150 species. The present article reviews the characteristics of the diverse clinical pictures and the treatment guidelines for these cutaneous infections in pediatric patients.
|Publication status||Published - 30 Jan 2006|
- Cutaneous candidiasis
- Cutaneous mycoses
- Superficial mycoses