Crystal structure of a putative type I restriction-modification S subunit from Mycoplasma genitalium

Bárbara M. Calisto, Oscar Q. Pich, Jaume Piñol, Ignacio Fita, Enrique Querol, Xavier Carpena

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36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The crystal structure of the eubacteria Mycoplasma genitalium ORF MG438 polypeptide, determined by multiple anomalous dispersion and refined at 2.3 Å resolution, reveals the organization of S subunits from the Type I restriction and modification system. The structure consists of two globular domains, with about 150 residues each, separated by a pair of 40 residue long antiparallel α-helices. The globular domains correspond to the variable target recognition domains (TRDs), as previously defined for S subunits on sequence analysis, while the two helices correspond to the central (CR1) and C-terminal (CR2) conserved regions, respectively. The structure of the MG438 subunit presents an overall cyclic topology with an intramolecular 2-fold axis that superimposes the N and the C-half parts, each half containing a globular domain and a conserved helix. TRDs are found to be structurally related with the small domain of the Type II N6-adenine DNA MTase TaqI. These relationships together with the structural peculiarities of MG438, in particular the presence of the intramolecular quasi-symmetry, allow the proposal of a model for S subunits recognition of their DNA targets in agreement with previous experimental results. In the crystal, two subunits of MG438 related by a crystallographic 2-fold axis present a large contact area mainly involving the symmetric interactions of a cluster of exposed hydrophobic residues. Comparison with the recently reported structure of an S subunit from the archaea Methanococcus jannaschii highlights the structural features preserved despite a sequence identity below 20%, but also reveals important differences in the globular domains and in their disposition with respect to the conserved regions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-762
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Volume351
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2005

Keywords

  • Crystal structure
  • DNA recognition
  • HsdS
  • Mycoplasma genitalium
  • Type I restriction and modification system

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