Cryotolerance of in vitro-produced porcine blastocysts is improved when using glucose instead of pyruvate and lactate during the first 2 days of embryo culture

M. Castillo-Martín, M. Yeste, R. Morató, T. Mogas, S. Bonet

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of replacing glucose with pyruvate and lactate during the first 48h of in vitro culture (IVC) in NCSU-23 medium on embryo development, embryo quality and survival of porcine blastocysts after vitrification. To this end, in vitro-produced (IVP) porcine oocytes were cultured with either glucose for 6 days (IVC-Glu) or pyruvate-lactate from Day 0 to Day 2 and then with glucose until Day 6 (IVC-PyrLac). Blastocysts were vitrified on Day 6 using the Cryotop device and, after warming, survival rate and the apoptosis index were evaluated after 24h incubation in NCSU-23 medium. No significant differences were observed between IVC-Glu and IVC-PyrLac in terms of cleavage rate, blastocyst yield, total number of cells per blastocyst or the apoptosis index (1.82±0.75% vs 3.18±0.88%, respectively) of non-vitrified embryos. However, a significant increase was seen in hatching/hatched blastocysts in the IVC-PyrLac compared with IVC-Glu treatment group (12.71±1.20% vs 3.54±0.47%, respectively). Regardless of treatment, vitrification impaired the survival rate and the apoptosis index. When comparing both treatments after warming, the percentage of apoptotic cells was significantly higher for blastocysts in the IVC-PyrLac compared with IVC-Glu group (18.55±3.49% vs 9.12±2.17%, respectively). In conclusion, under the conditions of the present study, replacement of glucose with pyruvate-lactate during the first 48h of culture resulted in a lower cryotolerance of IVP porcine embryos. © CSIRO 2013.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)737-745
JournalReproduction, Fertility and Development
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2013

Keywords

  • energy substrate
  • vitrification

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