Cross-sectional serosurvey of feline leishmaniasis in ecoregions around the Northwestern Mediterranean

Laia Solano-Gallego, Alhelí Rodríguez-Cortés, Laura Iniesta, Josefina Quintana, Joseph Pastor, Yvonne Espada, Montserrat Portús, Jordi Alberola

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73 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A cross-sectional serosurvey using Leishmania infantum ELISA was performed on 445 cats living in ecoregions around the Northwestern Mediterranean basin; 58 cats from an area of the US where leishmaniasis is not endemic were used as negative controls. ELISA results were further confirmed in 69 cats by Western blot (WB). Finally, 76 of them were also tested for FeLV and FIV. Seroprevalence by ELISA-prot A was 6.29%, and that by ELISA-IgG was 5.25%. Positive cat sera recognized patterns of polypeptides in WB, including L. infantum-specific antigenic fractions. There was no association with retroviruses. Leishmania-specific antibodies are prevalent in cats living in ecoregions around the Northwestern Mediterranean basin; thus, leishmaniasis must be included in the differential diagnosis of diseases in cats living in these ecoregions. Their role as peridomestic reservoirs for L. infantum needs further characterization, but it could be hypothesized that the cat is a secondary reservoir host, rather than an accidental one. Copyright © 2007 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)676-680
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume76
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007

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