Creating p-wave superfluids and topological excitations in optical lattices

P. Massignan, A. Sanpera, M. Lewenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose to realize a p-wave superfluid using bosons mixed with a single species of fermions in a deep optical lattice. We analyze with a self-consistent method its excitation spectrum in presence of a vortex, and we point out the range of interaction strengths in which the zero-energy mode with topological character exists on a finite optical lattice. Lattice effects are strongest close to fermionic half filling: here the linearity of the low-lying spectrum is lost, and a new class of extended zero-energy modes with checkerboard structure and d-wave symmetry appears. © 2010 The American Physical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Article number031607
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume81
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2010

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